30 June 2020

Thematic Focus: Statelessness & Nationality - Pt. 2

Reports & journal articles: 

Access of Stateless Persons to Medical Care during the COVID-19 and Assessment of the Economic and Social Impact of the Lockdown Measures (UNHCR, May 2020) [text via ReliefWeb]
- Focuses on Ukraine.

“Even before the pandemic, statelessness has been invisible”: Involving Stateless People in Europe’s COVID-19 Response (European Network on Statelessness, May 2020) [text]
- See also related ENS blog post.

"The Most Unwanted People in the World," Mundi: Global Studies Society Undergraduate Research Journal, vol. 1, no. 1 (2020) [open access]
- Focuses on the Rohingya.

"Nationality and Statelessness among Persons of Western Saharan Origin," Journal of Immigration, Asylum and Nationality Law, vol. 34, no. 1 (2020) [LSE Research Online]

"Naturalisation in Context: How Nationality Laws and Procedures Shape Immigrants’ Interest and Ability to Acquire Nationality in Six European Countries," Comparative Migration Studies, 8:18 (May 2020) [open access]

The Need for Thailand to Accede to Conventions on Statelessness, Thesis (Indiana Univ., Feb. 2020) [text]

Stateless in a Global Pandemic: Impact Report (Institute on Statelessness and Inclusion, June 2020) [text]
- See also related briefing note.

*Statelessness and Citizenship Review, vol. 2, no. 1 (2020) [open access]
- Includes six general articles, five articles as part of a "Symposium on Statelessness and Slavery," three case notes, and two book reviews.

"Statelessness and Displaced Kashmiri Pandits," Mundi: Global Studies Society Undergraduate Research Journal, vol. 1, no. 1 (2020) [open access]


Human Rights and COVID-19: What Now for the Rohingya?, 25 June 2020 [access]
- Follow link for video recording.

Stateless Last? Recognising and Addressing an Unseen Consequence of the 'Citizens First' Approach to COVID-19, Webinar, 28 May 2020 [access]
- Follow link for video recording.


Related post:
Thematic Focus: Statelessness & Nationality - Pt. 1 (30 June 2020)

Thematic Focus: Statelessness & Nationality - Pt. 1

Events & opportunities:

Webinar: Citizenship Stripping, Expulsion and Statelessness: Have Counter Terrorism Measures Gone Too Far?, 9 July 2020 [info]

Impact Speaker Series: Statelessness: The Rise of Marginalized Communities in Pakistan, 15 July 2020 [info]

*CFP: Statelessness and Citizenship Review [info]
- Submission deadline is 31 July 2020.

Blog posts & press:

Austria: Estonian Citizen Becomes Stateless after Retraction of an Assurance of Naturalisation (GLOBALCIT Blog, June 2020) [text]

"Can the World Handle Another Rohingya Crisis?," New Internationalist, 1 June 2020 [text]
- Focuses on statelessness in India.

The Critical Statelessness Studies Project (McMullin Centre on Statelessness) [info]

*The Four-Year Trump Administration Legacy on Immigrant Naturalization (Niskanen Center Commentary, June 2020) [text]

How Far Do Citizenship Laws in European Union Member States Safeguard the Children Born There from Statelessness? (ENS Blog, June 2020) [text]

In Solidarity with the Stateless: An urgent call to states, donors and other stakeholders to promote and protect the rights of stateless persons in their COVID-19 responses (June 2020) [access]
- Also available in Albanian, Arabic and Spanish.

Invisible to the State during the COVID-19 Pandemic: Stateless People in Ukraine (ENS Blog, June 2020) [text]

Liberty, Equality, Fraternity…Really? Why France’s Forsaken “Children of ISIS” May Grow Up to Think Differently about the French Republic’s Values (RLI Blog, June 2020) [text]

My Rohingya Journey from Statelessness to the US, via Malaysia and Manus Island (Kaldor Centre, June 2020) [text]

Risks of ‘Covidisation’ in Statelessness Work? (ENS Blog, June 2020) [text]

Rojava: Statelessness in a Time of Pandemic (openDemocracy, May 2020) [text]

Statelessness: A Blind Spot on Austria’s Human Rights Record (ENS Blog, June 2020) [text]

The UNHCR Guidelines on Statelessness No.5: Loss and Deprivation of Nationality (GLOBALCIT Blog, June 2020) [text]

"Virus Delays Passports for 1.7 Million Americans," New York Times, 12 June 2020 [text]


New Issue of RSQ

The latest issue of Refugee Survey Quarterly (RSQ) has been published. Contents of vol. 39, no. 2, June 2020 include:
  • Asylum-Seekers Prosecuted for Human Smuggling: A Case Study of Scafisti in Italy [open access]
  • Syrian Refugee Migration, Transitions in Migrant Statuses and Future Scenarios of Syrian Mobility [open access]
  • Ambiguous Encounters: Revisiting Foucault and Goffman at an Activation Programme for Asylum-seekers [abstract]
  • Determinants of the Recognition of Foreign Certificates in Flanders [abstract] [related thesis]
  • Enabling Pathways for Students from Refugee and Asylum-Seeker Backgrounds in Higher Education: Aspirations About Progression to Postgraduate Studies [abstract] [Academia]

Tagged Periodicals.

Regional Focus: Asia Pacific (incl. Australia & NZ) - Pt. 2

Reports & journal articles:

The Decision to Migrate among Afghans: Access to Information and Key Influencers (Mixed Migration Centre, June 2020) [text]

"'Fair Dinkum' Migration Policy: Lessons from Australia," Chapter in Relations between Immigration and Integration Policies in Europe: Challenges, Opportunities and Perspectives in Selected EU Member States (Routledge, 2020) [open access]

"How Hospitable is Aotearoa New Zealand to Refugees?," Hospitality Insights, vol. 4, no. 1 (2020) [open access]

Nepal: COVID-19 & the Return of Migrants (ACAPS, June 2020) [text via ReliefWeb]

Review of Processes and Proceedings for Making Refugee and Protection Status Determinations under Part 5 of the Immigration Act 2009 (Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment, Oct. 2019) [text]
- See also related RNZ news story.

"When Public Opinion Drives National Asylum Policymaking: The Case of Kurdish Asylum Seekers in Japan," Asia & the Pacific Policy Studies, Early View, 15 June 2020 [open access]


All in This Together? The Pandemic, People Seeking Asylum, and Refugees in Australia, 14 May 2020 [access]
- Follow link for podcast and video.

Refugee Rights in the New Normal, 20 June 2020 [info]
- Focuses on Indonesia. A video recording is available here.

Related post:
Regional Focus: Asia Pacific (incl. Australia, NZ) - Pt. 1 (30 June 2020)

Regional Focus: Asia Pacific (incl. Australia, NZ) - Pt. 1

Blog posts & press:

"As Beijing Tightens Its Grip, Hong Kongers Seek Refuge in Taiwan," Los Angeles Times, 18 June 2020 [text]

"Australia is Failing to Meet Its Basic Human Rights Obligations, Report Finds," SBS News, 25 June 2020 [text]
- Note: Here is the Human Rights Measurement Initiative report for Australia.

Australia’s Offshore Processing Arrangements: A Form of Neo-colonialism? (CONREP Blog, June 2020) [text]

*How Can Academics Help? Conclusions from the Collaborative Meeting with Researchers and Civil Society Leaders (CONREP Blog, June 2020) [text]

Refugees in India Have to Fend for Themselves: We’ve Been Talking to Them about How They Manage (The Conversation, June 2020) [text]

"Rohingya Refugee's Right to Protection in Australia Recognised," UNSW News, 25 May 2020 [text]

Seeking Protection in Australia: Challenges for Asylum Seekers during the COVID-19 Crisis (RLI Blog, June 2020) [text]

"Struggling Asylum Seekers Plea for Equal Refugee Support: 'Please treat us the same'," RNZ News, 28 May 2020 [text]
- Focuses on New Zealand.

Thailand Quietly Delays Implementation of Refugee Screening Mechanism (APRRN, June 2020) [text]


Related posts:
Regional Focus: Asia Pacific (12 June 2020)
- Regional Focus: Australia (18 May 2020)

29 June 2020

Regional Focus: Rohingya Crisis (incl. research feature)


The Kaldor Centre has launched a special series to mark the five-year anniversary of the Andaman Sea crisis. Its aim is to "to inform regional discussions about protection. With analysis from a diverse range of perspectives from refugees, academics, human rights organisations and others at the forefront of forming regional policy in this area, we aim to consider how far the region has come in the past five-years, and encourage critical discourse about the steps yet to be taken." Follow the link to the series web page for an introductory podcast and the first two contributions.

Blog posts/commentary & press:

ASEAN: Overhaul Regional Response to Rohingya Crisis (Human Rights Watch, June 2020) [text]

ASEAN Must Ensure Protection for Refugees and Asylum Seekers in the Region (APRRN, June 2020) [text]

"'The Fear is Always with Me': Refugees in Malaysia Recount Recent Lockdowns and Raids," Pulitzer Center, 15 June 2020 [text]

In Limbo in ASEAN: Pandemic and Irregular Migration, RSIS Commentary, no. 131 (Nanyang Technological University, June 2020) [text]

"Indonesian Villagers Defy Covid-19 Warnings to Rescue Rohingya Refugees," The Guardian, 26 June 2020 [text]
- See also related joint press release from Indonesian civil society organizations.

"Lost in Translation: Language Barriers and the Rohingya Response," The New Humanitarian, 25 June 2020 [text]

"'Not fit for a human': Coronavirus in Cox's Bazar Refugee Camps," The Guardian, 29 June 2020 [text]
- See also related Caritas and DW news stories and Lancet Global Health comment.

"Plight of Rohingyas Under COVID-19 Spotlights ASEAN’s Failure," The Diplomat, 16 June 2020 [text]

*Risking Another Rohingya Refugee Crisis in the Andaman Sea, SWP Comment, no. 30 (German Inst. for International & Security Affairs, June 2020) [text]

"We Need Long-term Solutions, not Long-term Encampment, for Rohingya Refugees," Globe and Mail, 15 June 2020 [text]

Academic research on Rohingya in Bangladesh:

A recent post on the Scholarly Kitchen described a small but very interesting case study on research into the situation of Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh. Specifically, the author, Dr. Haseeb Irfanullah, posed these questions:

"As we are now in the 32nd month of the Rohingya refugee crisis in Bangladesh, I am wondering — what is the overall situation of academic research and publishing on this refugee crisis? I particularly want to know, who is conducting and publishing research, if any; where they are from; what subjects they are researching; where do they publish their results; if these are accessible; and where Bangladeshi researchers and journals stand in all this."

To answer these questions, the author conducted a search in Google Scholar using the keywords "Rohingya refugee*" and "Bangladesh" to locate journal articles published as of 2018. He identified 47 that met his criteria; 39 were open access.

When I first read this, I thought the total number sounded quite low. However, when I went through my Asia posts as of 2018, I found that in fact most of my Rohingya-related references were for blog posts and reports. During that time period, I highlighted just nine individual journal articles and one special issue that featured 23 articles - all open access.

Regarding author affiliations, Dr. Irfanullah found the following:

"Out of 47 papers [which were a mix of both paywall and open access articles], 25 papers had Bangladesh-affiliated authors as the first or sole author. In terms of author composition in a paper, 38% of the papers have all authors from Bangladesh-affiliated organizations. Around 19% papers have more than half and 11% have less than half Bangladesh-affiliated authors. Authors of 15 papers (32%) show no Bangladeshi connection."

As a comparison, my recent study on the geographic representation found that only 18% of 257 open access articles (on a wider range of topics) had a first or solo author from the Global South.

While Dr. Irfanullah used Google Scholar for his exercise, I also like to see what I can access via the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), as it provides access to high quality journal titles all of which are OA, and its search engine offers more filters than Scholar does. So for example, today, I searched on "rohingya and bangladesh" and got 63 results. I then expanded the + next to "year of publication" to view how many of these articles were published when. It was immediately clear that most were published in the last three years: 9 in 2018, 15 in 2019 and 21 in 2020. I can also expand the + next to "subject" and "journal titles" to get a general sense of the main focus of the articles.

As with Dr. Irfanullah's set of articles, the DOAJ articles I retrieved are predominantly health-related. As of August last year, I discontinued posting references on this topic, since PubMed provides better and more comprehensive access (that said, I am currently making an exception for the impact of COVID-19 on displaced populations). So if I exclude these along with a few others that do not involve research on the situation of the Rohingya in Bangladesh, my resulting subset of 17 published in 2018-2020 is as follows:

"Application of Geospatial Technologies in Developing a Dynamic Landslide Early Warning System in a Humanitarian Context: The Rohingya Refugee Crisis in Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh," Geomatics, Natural Hazards & Risk. 2020;11(1):446-468 [5 authors; the lead is based in the UK, while the co-authors are based in US/Bangladesh, the UK, Bangladesh and Nepal]

"Artificial Neural Network and Machine Learning Based Methods for Population Estimation of Rohingya Refugees: Comparing Data-Driven and Satellite Image-Driven Approaches," Vietnam Journal of Computer Science. 2019;6(4):439-455 [all 7 authors are based in Bangladesh]

"Breastfeeding Support through Wet Nursing during Nutritional Emergency: A Cross Sectional Study from Rohingya Refugee Camps in Bangladesh," PLoS ONE. 2019;14(10):e0222980 [all 4 authors are based in Bangladesh]

"Child Marriage Practices among the Rohingya in Bangladesh," Conflict and Health. 2020;14(1):1-12 [5 authors; the lead is based in the US, while 3 co-authors are based in Bangladesh and 1 in the US]

"Documentation of Human Rights Abuses among Rohingya Refugees from Myanmar," Conflict and Health. 2019;13(1):1-14 [all 8 authors are US-based]

"Ecological Impact of Rohingya Refugees on Forest Resources: Remote Sensing Analysis of Vegetation Cover Change in Teknaf Peninsula in Bangladesh," Ecocycles. 2018;4(1):16-19 [author is based in Bangladesh]

"Extended-Spectrum Beta-Lactamase-Producing Escherichia Coli in Drinking Water Samples from a Forcibly Displaced, Densely Populated Community Setting in Bangladesh," Frontiers in Public Health. 2020;8 [all 13 authors are based in Bangladesh]

"Food Transfers, Electronic Food Vouchers and Child Nutritional Status among Rohingya Children Living in Bangladesh," PLoS ONE. 2020;15(4):e0230457 [all 5 authors are US-based]

"Gender-based Vulnerability: Combining Pareto Ranking and Spatial Statistics to Model Gender-based Vulnerability in Rohingya Refugee Settlements in Bangladesh," International Journal of Health Geographics. 2020;19(1):1-14 [all 3 authors are US-based]

"Identity, Social Mobility, and Trauma: Post-Conflict Educational Realities for Survivors of the Rohingya Genocide," Religions. 2020;11(241):241 [2 authors; the lead is based in the UAE and the co-author in Canada]

"Machine Learning for Predicting Landslide Risk of Rohingya Refugee Camp Infrastructure," Journal of Information and Telecommunication. 2020;4(2):175-198 [all 3 authors are based in Bangladesh]

"Occurrence of Escherichia Coli and Faecal Coliforms in Drinking Water at Source and Household Point-of-use in Rohingya camps, Bangladesh," Gut Pathogens. 2019;11(1):1-11 [all 12 authors are based in Bangladesh]

"The Potential Impact of COVID-19 in Refugee Camps in Bangladesh and Beyond: A Modeling Study," PLoS Medicine. 2020;17(6):e1003144 [all 7 authors are US-based]

"Refugee Camp Monitoring and Environmental Change Assessment of Kutupalong, Bangladesh, Based on Radar Imagery of Sentinel-1 and ALOS-2," Remote Sensing. 2019;11(17):2047 [3 authors based in Germany]

"Rohingya Refugee Crisis and Forest Cover Change in Teknaf, Bangladesh," Remote Sensing. 2018;10(5):689 [all 5 authors are US-based]

"Rohingya Refugee Crisis and Human vs. Elephant (Elephas maximus) Conflicts in Cox’s Bazar District of Bangladesh, "Journal of Wildlife and Biodiversity. 2019;3(3):10-21 [author is based in Japan]

"Understanding the Political Ecology of Forced Migration and Deforestation through a Multi-algorithm Classification Approach: The Case of Rohingya Displacement in the Southeastern Border Region of Bangladesh," Geology, Ecology, and Landscapes. 2019;3(4):282-294 [all 5 authors are based in Bangladesh]

Seven of the 17 articles (or 41%) were written by Bangladesh-based authors, while an additional two articles included Bangladesh-based authors as part of a North-South collaboration (although they were not listed as lead authors). The remaining eight articles were written by authors based elsewhere.


Related post:
Regional Focus: Asia Pacific (12 June 2020)

27 June 2020

Events: Various Webinars Taking Place Next Week!

Climate Change and Migration: Converging Issues, Diverging Funding, 29 June 2020 [info]

Defending Refugees and Asylum Seekers in the Trump Era: Advocacy at the U.S.-Mexico Border, 30 June 2020 [info]

Doing Research on Migration and Asylum: Responsibilities and Limits, 30 June 2020 [info]

Human Trafficking Amid a Pandemic: Confronting the Exploitation of Fleeing Venezuelans, 30 June 2020 [info]

Legal Pathways for Refugees to Europe: Humanitarian and University Corridors, 30 June 2020 [info]

Gender Based Violence and Migration in Times of Covid-19: Perspectives from Across the Globe, 1 July 2020 [info]

Launch of "Family Reunification for Refugee and Migrant Children: Standards and Promising Practices," 2 July 2020 [info]

Pressing ‘Reset’ on Resettlement: How a Lifeline can Survive COVID-19, 2 July 2020 [info]

Global Launch of the Sustainable Health Equity Movement, 2 July 2020 [info]

Regional Focus: Europe - Pt. 2


Annual Report on Migration and Asylum 2019 (European Migration Network, June 2020) [text]
- See also related Inform.

Asylum Statistics in Europe: Briefing (ECRE, June 2020) [text]

Contain, Distribute, Obstruct (CONDISOBS): Governing the Mobility of Asylum Seekers in the European Union (Univ. of Luxembourg) [info]
- New research project.

Country Report: Greece (AIDA, June 2020) [text]

Derogating from EU Asylum Law in the Name of “Emergencies”: The Legal Limits under EU Law (ECRE, June 2020) [text]

Destination Unknown: Afghans on the Move in Turkey (Mixed Migration Centre, June 2020) [text]

EASO Asylum Report 2020: Annual Report on the Situation of Asylum in the European Union (European Asylum Support Office, June 2020) [text]

EU Charter and the Dialog of the Judges in Asylum and Immigration Cases, EUI Working Paper, no. RSCAS 2020/10 (European Univ. Institute, June 2020) [text]

Hungarian Act LVIII of 2020 on the Transitional Rules and Epidemiological Preparedness related to the Cessation of the State of Danger: UNHCR Position (UNHCR, June 2020) [text]
- See also related ECRE Weekly Bulletin article and UNHCR press release.

Looking for a Bridge over Troubled Waters: The Forthcoming New Pact on Migration and Asylum, Policy Brief, no. 125 (Hellenic Foundation for European & Foreign Policy, June 2020) [text]

Remote Control: The EU-Libya Collaboration in Mass Interceptions of Migrants in the Central Med (Alarm Phone et al., June 2020) [text]

Related post:
Regional Focus: Europe - Pt. 1 (27 June 2020)

Regional Focus: Europe - Pt. 1

Blog posts & press:

Crimmigrant Nations (Border Criminologies Blog, June 2020) [access]
- Themed series with eight posts. Follow link above for introduction, then access additional posts via the "see also" menu.

Croatia: Police Brutality in Migrant Pushback Operations Must be Investigated and Sanctioned (OHCHR, June 2020) [text]

Protecting the Formal Rule of Law in the EU’s Asylum Policy: The CJEU’s Judgment on the Asylum Relocation Mechanism (EU Law Analysis Blog, June 2020) [text]

Push Backs at Land Borders: Asady and Others v. Slovakia and N.D and N.T v. Spain. Is the Principle of Non-refoulement at Risk? (RLI Blog, June 2020) [text]

Saving Lives and Protecting Human Rights: Why Safe and Legal Routes are Needed for Refugees (MOAS Blog, June 2020) [text]

The UK’s Covid-19 Response can Become a Defining Moment for Changing Our Approach to Refugees (ODI Blog, June 2020) [text]

The View from Greece: At Europe’s External Borders, Deterrence is the Norm Once Again (NoVaMigra Blog, June 2020) [text]

What Impact Does the EU’s Recent Approach Towards Externalisation and Readmission Have on the EU’s Institutional Order? (CONREP Blog, June 2020) [text]

Journal articles:

"Les Combattants: Ideologies of Exile, Return and Nationalism in the DRC," Journal of Refugee Studies, Advance Articles, 4 June 2020 [open access]
- Focuses on the UK.

"Communicating Cosmopolitanism During Times of Crisis: UNHCR and the World Refugee Day Campaign in the UK and Bulgaria," Journal of Human Rights Practice, vol. 11, no. 3 (Nov. 2019) [open access]

"Death at the Border: Revisiting the Debate in Light of the Euro-Mediterranean Migration Crisis," American Behavioral Scientist, vol. 64, o. 4 (2020) [Academia]

"Evidentiary Value of Forensic Medical Evidence in Asylum Procedures: Where Can the CJEU Bring Light into the Darkness?," European Journal of Migration and Law, vol. 22, no. 2 (June 2020) [open access]

"Multilevel Governance in Trouble: The Implementation of Asylum Seekers’ Reception in Italy as a Battleground," Comparative Migration Studies, 8:22 (June 2020) [open access]

"Sobre la Inviabilidad del Modelo de Fronteras Exteriores Europeas en el Mediterráneo," Revista Española de Derecho Internacional, vol. 72, no. 1 (2020) [Academia]
- One of two articles included in the Forum section on "El Rescate de Personas en el Mediterráneo."

26 June 2020

Thematic Focus: Solutions


Pressing ‘Reset’ on Resettlement: How a Lifeline can Survive COVID-19, 2 July 2020 [info]

Blog posts & press:

2020 Sees Record Low Refugee Resettlement from COVID-19 and Previous Policy (Niskanen Center Commentary, June 2020) [text]
- Focuses on the US.

Attitudes Toward Refugees Remain Stable Despite Dramatic Changes in U.S. Asylum Policy (Public Religion Research Institute, June 2020) [text]

"Australia is Being Urged to Adopt a Canadian-style Refugee Sponsorship Scheme," SBS News, 22 June 2020 [text]

Banning Humanitarian Visas, Supporting Resettlement: The European Commission’s Veil of Maya (CONREP Blog, June 2020) [text]

*Four Former U.S. Officials Defend the U.S. Refugee Admissions Program (RI Blog, June 2020) [text]

Joint Statement: UN Refugee Chief Grandi and IOM’s Vitorino Announce Resumption of Resettlement Travel for Refugees (UNHCR & IOM, June 2020) [text]

US Refugee Program Faces Grim Milestone: Historically Low Admissions (Immigration Impact Blog, June 2020) [text]

Welcoming Refugees After World War II: Some Thought It Wouldn’t Work (Center for Migration Studies, June 2020) [text]

Reports & journal articles:

Determinants of Intended Return Migration among Refugees: A Comparison of Syrian Refugees in Germany and Turkey, ISS Working Paper, no. 659 (Erasmus Univ., June 2020) [text]

Foundations for Belonging: A Snapshot of Newly Arrived Refugees (Settlement Services International & Western Sydney Univ., June 2020) [access]
- See also related post on The Conversation.

Immigrant and Community Integration Step by Step Guide to Local Integration Programming (CLINIC, June 2020) [text]
- Focuses on the US.

Into the Unknown: Listening to Syria’s Displaced in the Search for Durable Solutions (Joint Agency NGO Reports, June 2020) [text via ReliefWeb]

Measuring Up? Using Monitoring and Evaluation to Make Good on the Promise of Refugee Sponsorship (Migration Policy Institute, June 2020) [text]
- Focuses on Europe.

NGO and Refugee Statements at the Annual Tripartite Consultations on Resettlement, Virtual Session, June 2020 [access]
- More info available on CCR's ARCR web page.

Projected Global Resettlement Needs 2021 (UNHCR, June 2020) [access]
- "In 2019, 26 countries admitted 107,800 refugees for resettlement of which nearly 64,000 were with UNHCR’s assistance. This year only 57,600 resettlement places have been made available by states to UNHCR. Unfortunately, COVID-19 will impact the full realization of these resettlement spaces."

Quarterly Report on Refugee Admissions: Jan 1 to March 31 (Refugee Council USA, May 2020) [text]


Related posts:
- Thematic Focus: Solutions - Pt. 1 (15 June 2020)
Thematic Focus: Solutions - Pt. 2 (15 June 2020)

Tagged Events & Opportunities. 

Thematic Focus: Work/Economic Aspects - Pt. 2 (US)

United States:


On 22 June 2020, Trump issued a proclamation that suspends "the entry of aliens who present a risk to the U.S. labor market following the coronavirus outbreak" until the end of the year. This was an extension of an earlier proclamation from April that suspended entry for 60 days. For more info and commentary, see the following:

- "A New Trump Proclamation Will Block Foreign Workers," Vox, 22 June 2020 [text]
- The Trump Administration Expands Legal Immigration Ban, Using COVID-19 Pandemic as Excuse (Immigration Impact Blog, June 2020) [text]
- "Trump Suspends Visas Allowing Hundreds of Thousands of Foreigners to Work in the U.S.," New York Times, 22 June 2020 [text]
- Trump’s H-1B Ban Based on a Misreading of Economic Statistics (CATO at Liberty Blog, June 2020) [text]

On the same day, USCIS "announced a regulatory change to deter aliens from illegally entering the United States and from filing frivolous, fraudulent, or otherwise non-meritorious claims for asylum to obtain an employment authorization document. This rule does not alter asylum eligibility criteria in any way and will be effective on Aug. 25."

- Delaying Work Permits for Asylum Seekers Could Increase Crime (CATO at Liberty Blog, June 2020) [text]
- DHS Suggests Asylum Seekers Should Get Used to ‘Homelessness’ After Stripping Work Permits (Immigration Impact Blog, June 2020) [text]
- Human Rights First Condemns Rule Keeping Asylum-Seekers from Work Authorization (June 2020) [text]

*Note: On 29 June 2020, the White House issued an amendment to the a/m proclamation; this National Law Review post explains that it is meant to clarify who is exempted from the order.

Blog posts & reports:

"Better Migrant Rights Help Native Workers," UCLA Journal of International Law and Foreign Affairs, vol. 23, no. 2 (Winter 2019) [access via UCSD]

How Economic Inclusion Enables Refugees (RI Blog, June 2020) [text]

A Majority of Americans Say Immigrants Mostly Fill Jobs U.S. Citizens Do Not Want (Pew Fact Tank, June 2020) [text]

"There’s Much More We Can Do to Integrate Refugees into the Economy," QZ, 18 June 2020 [text]

*"Trump to Suspend New Visas for Foreign Scholars," Nature, 23 June 2020 [text]


Refugee Entrepreneurs in COVID-19: U.S., 19 June 2020 (Refugee Investment Network) [access]
- Follow link for video.


Related post:
Thematic Focus: Work/Economic Aspects - Pt. 1 (26 June 2020)

Thematic Focus: Work/Economic Aspects - Pt. 1

Blog posts & press:

$100 Million to Improve Access to Jobs and Create Better Work Conditions for Jordanians and Syrian Refugees (World Bank, June 2020) [text]

Asylum Seeker Set to Challenge “Illusory” Right to Work Rules (Free Movement Blog, June 2020) [text]
- Focuses on the UK.

Canada Continues to Explore Innovative Solutions for Refugees (Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada, June 2020) [text]

The Italian Plan for Regularisation: Real Progress for Migrants’ Rights? (MPC Blog, June 2020) [text]

Refugees: The Entrepreneurs That Society must Support (World Economic Forum Blog, June 2020) [text]

Syrian Refugees in Jordan: How a Focus on Human Rights can Help Secure Economic Livelihoods (RLI Blog, May 2020) [text]

UNHCR: Businesses Have a Vital Role to Play in Helping Refugees through COVID-19 (World Economic Forum Blog, June 2020) [text]

Reports & journal articles:

COVID-19 Derails Canadian Immigration (Royal Bank of Canada, May 2020) [text]

[Employers' Guides to Hiring Refugees and Asylum Seekers] (TENT)
- Now available for Brazil and Italy.

Jobs Interventions for Refugees and Internally Displaced Persons, Working Paper, no. 47 (World Bank, June 2020) [text]

Protecting the Rights at Work of Refugees and Other Forcibly Displaced Persons during the COVID-19 Pandemic: Recommendations for Policy-makers and Constituents (ILO, June 2020) [text via Refworld]
- See also Spanish version.

"Temporary Migrant Work and the Bonds of Citizenship," UCLA Journal of International Law and Foreign Affairs, vol. 23 (2019) [SSRN]

"Voluntary Work as a New Frontier in the Precarisation of Migrant Workers: The Case of Asylum Seekers in Italy," Vergentis Journal, vol. 1, no. 10 (2020) [open access]


Refugees and COVID-19: What can Businesses do?, Webinar, 14 April 2020 [access]
- Follow link for video.

Refugees and COVID-19: How Companies are Stepping Up, Webinar, 13 May 2020 [access]
- Follow link for video.

Refugees and COVID-19: The Economic Impact on Refugees, 24 June 2020 [access]
- Follow link for video.

Related post:
- Thematic Focus: Work/Economic Aspects (6 June 2020)

25 June 2020

Regional Focus: Africa

Blog posts & press:

Can Migrants and Refugees be Regional Residents in the Great Lakes Region? (Africa at LSE Blog, June 2020) [text]

Covid-19 in South Africa: Whither Migrants? (African Arguments, June 2020) [text]

East Africa: People Seeking Safety are Trapped at Borders due to COVID-19 Measures (Amnesty International, June 2020) [text]
- See also related Guardian article.

A Look at Global Changes in Refugee Policies through the Lens of Dadaab (The Conversation, June 2020) [text]

A Refugee-led Response to COVID-19 in Uganda (Rethinking Refuge, June 2020) [text]

What Burundi Teaches Us about Political Crisis and Displacement (Africa at LSE Blog, June 2020) [text]

Reports & journal articles:

Estimating Poverty among Refugee Populations: A Cross-Survey Imputation Exercise for Chad, Policy Research Working Paper, no. WPS9222 (World Bank, April 2020) [text]
- See also related Dev4Peace blog post.

Exploring the Multiple Paradoxes and Challenges of Uganda’s Refugee Law, Policies and Practice, Presentation at the Stellenbosch Institute of Advanced Studies, South Africa, 28 Oct. 2019 [text]

Formal Settlement vs. Emergency Camp: Different Refugee Residence Approaches in Uganda and South Sudan (Scalabrini Institute for Human Mobility in Africa, March 2020) [text]

"International Criminal Law and Border Control: The Expressive Role of the Deportation and Extradition of Genocide Suspects to Rwanda," Leiden Journal of International Law, First View, 2 June 2020 [free full-text]

Rapid Social Analysis: COVID-19 and Vulnerable Migrants Across Africa, Working Paper, no. 149975 (World Bank, June 2020) [text]

"Socio-environmental Conflicts Between the Refugee Populations and Their Host Communities: The Case of Eritrean Refugees in North Western Tigray, Ethiopia," Environmental & Socio-economic Studies, vol. 8, no. 2 (June 2020) [open access]

"Using an Adaptive Approach to Making Gatekeepers Accountable to Internally Displaced Persons in Mogadishu, Somalia," Development in Practice, Latest Articles, 23 May 2020 [ReliefWeb]

"A View from Inside the Kitchen of the Kampala Convention: The Modernisation of the International Legal Regime for the Protection of Internally Displaced Persons," International and Comparative Law Quarterly (Forthcoming) [postprint]

Related posts:
- Regional Focus: Africa - Pt. 1 (13 June 2020)
Regional Focus: Africa - Pt. 2 (13 June 2020)

24 June 2020

Regional Focus: United States - Pt. 2

Reports & journal articles:

*Asylum in the United States (American Immigration Council, June 2020) [text]

"Banished and Overcriminalized: Critical Race Perspectives of Illegal Entry and Drug Courier Prosecutions," Columbia Journal of Race and Law, vol. 10, no. 2 (2020) [full-text]

CDC Relied on False Assertions in Issuing COVID-19 Order Being Used to Illegally Override U.S. Asylum Laws (Human Rights First, June 2020) [text]

"Family Fleeing: Family Membership as a Basis for Asylum," University of Pennsylvania Journal of Law & Public Affairs, vol. 5, no. 3 (2019-2020) [full-text]

Grant Rates Plummet as Trump Administration Dismantles U.S. Asylum System, Blocks and Deports Refugees (Human Rights First, June 2020) [text]

Immigration-related Executive Actions During the COVID-19 Pandemic (National Immigration Forum, June 2020) [text]

The True Costs of Deportation (The Marshall Project, June 2020) [text]

Watch for:

Tempest Tossed [info]
- "On June 30, Tempest Tossed returns with a special 8-part series: "Entry Denied: Immigration Policy in the Time of Trump."  Co-hosted by Alex Aleinikoff and Deb Amos, Entry Denied examines the dramatic impact of Trump policies on migrants, refugees, immigrant communities and the nation."


Related post:
Regional Focus: United States - Pt. 1 (24 June 2020)

Regional Focus: United States - Pt. 1


The Trump administration takes even more steps to do away with asylum:

- The Department of Justice and the Department of Homeland Security Propose Rule on Procedures for Asylum and Withholding of Removal (ImmigrationProf Blog, June 2020) [text]
- "Editorial: Trump’s Latest Efforts to Sabotage Asylum Should Remind You Why He Has to Go," Los Angeles Times, 16 June 2020 [text]
- The End of Asylum — for Now (The Hill, June 2020) [text]
- Human Rights First Condemns Rule That Seeks to Re-Write Refugee Laws, Eliminate Asylum (June 2020) [text]
- Taking a Sledgehammer to Asylum (Jeffrey S. Chase Blog, June 2020) [text]
- "Trump is Quietly Gutting the Asylum System Amid the Pandemic," Vox, 12 June 2020 [text]
- Trump's Cold-blooded Move to Shut Out Asylum Seekers (RI Blog, June 2020) [text]
- What You Need to Know About Trump’s Proposal to Eliminate the US Asylum System (Immigration Impact Blog, June 2020) [text]

US Supreme Court rules against the Trump administration on the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program:

- Find coverage about the ruling on the SCOTUSblog.
- DACA in Three Acts: Genesis, Impacts, Future (UC Davis, June 2020) [text]
- The Supreme Court Decides DACA Rescission Case on Administrative Law Grounds, Avoids Deciding Lawfulness of DACA (ImmigrationProf Blog, June 2020) [text]
- The Supreme Court Gave DACA a Lifeline. Now Trump and Congress Need to Create a Path to Citizenship for Dreamers (Immigration Impact Blog, June 2020) [text]
- "The Supreme Court Saved DACA Because of a Paperwork Error by the Trump Administration," Vox, 18 June 2020 [text]
- The Supreme Court’s Ominous DACA Decision: Perils for Dreamers in What Comes Next (Just Security Blog, June 2020) [text]

Blog posts & press:

"'Abuse of power': Asylum-seekers, Advocates Decry New Use of High Bond Fees as Condition of Parole," NBC News, 16 June 2020 [text]

All the Bad News That’s Fit to Print (The Asylumist Blog, June 2020) [text]
- See also updates to the post.

*Attitudes Toward Refugees Remain Stable Despite Dramatic Changes in U.S. Asylum Policy (Public Religion Research Institute, June 2020) [text]

Border Criminologies Blog, June 2020
- The blog's themed series on "Crimmigrant Nations" includes a couple of US-related posts including: "Trump and Crimmigration in the Era of COVID-19" and "Trump’s Crimmigration: Imposing Authoritarian Power on Dispensable Bodies."

EOIR Director McHenry Replies To TRAC's Letters But Ignores Agency's Data Troubles (TRAC, June 2020) [text]

*Immigration Decisions in the Supreme Court 2019 Term, Upcoming Cases in the 2020 Term (ImmigrationProf Blog, June 2020) [text]

Oxfam Joins ACLU and Other Partners to Sue Trump Administration over Right to Seek Asylum (Oxfam, June 2020) [text]

*"Trump’s Power to Deport Asylum Seekers Boosted by Supreme Court Ruling," The Guardian, 25 June 2020 [text]
- See also related Immigration Impact blog post.

"Trump’s Second Term Immigration Agenda: Will Anyone be Allowed into America?," Washington Monthly (April-June 2020) [text]

"U.S. Immigration Crackdowns Not Unusual During Times of Crisis," NPR, 21 June 2020 [text]


Related posts:
Thematic Focus: Detention - Pt. 2 (US) (11 June 2020)
- Regional Focus: United States - Pt. 1 (10 June 2020)
Regional Focus: United States - Pt. 2 (10 June 2020)

Thematic Focus: Gender Issues - Pt. 2


Close to Contagion: The Impacts of COVID-19 on Displaced and Refugee Girls and Young Women (Plan International, May 2020) [text via ReliefWeb]

Daring to Ask, Listen, and Act: A Snapshot of the Impacts of COVID-19 on Women and Girls' Rights and Sexual and Reproductive Health (Plan International, April/May 2020) [text via ReliefWeb]
- Focuses on Syrians in Jordan.

Draft Global Code of Conduct for Investigating and Documenting Conflict-related Sexual Violence (Institute for International Criminal Investigations, June 2020) [access]
- Must be read with accompanying background paper. See also two related Just Security blog posts, here and here.

Gap Between Supply and Demand for Contraceptive Services in Northeast Nigeria (Women's Refugee Commission, May 2020) [text]

Guidance on Establishing Remote Monitoring and Management of GBV Programming in the Context of the COVID-19 Pandemic (Women's Refugee Commission, April 2020) [text]

Menstrual Hygiene Management Among Syrian Refugee Women in the Bekaa (Oxfam, June 2020) [text via ReliefWeb]

Migrant Women & Remittances: Exploring the Data from Selected Countries (UN Women, June 2020) [text via ReliefWeb]

Sexual and Gender-based Violence (SGBV) Prevention, Risk Mitigation and Response: Promising Practices (UNHCR, Dec. 2019; posted May 2020) [text via ReliefWeb]

World Refugee Day Summary: COVID-19 One More Setback for Refugees in MENA – Especially Women and Girls (CARE, June 2020) [text via ReliefWeb]

Related post:
Thematic Focus: Gender Issues - Pt. 1 (24 June 2020)

Thematic Focus: Gender Issues - Pt. 1

Blog posts & press:

"COVID-19's Double Dangers for Venezuelan Women in Colombia," The New Humanitarian, 19 June 2020 [text]

IRC Data Shows an Increase in Reports of Gender-based Violence across Latin America (International Rescue Committee, June 2020) [text]

Journal articles:

"Availability, Accessibility, Acceptability, and Quality of Interpreting Services to Refugee Women in New Zealand," Qualitative Health Research, OnlineFirst, 4 June 2020 [open access]

"Gender-based Vulnerability: Combining Pareto Ranking and Spatial Statistics to Model Gender-based Vulnerability in Rohingya Refugee Settlements in Bangladesh," International Journal of Health Geographics, 19:20 (May 2020) [open access]

"Re-Inventing Everyday Life in the Asylum Centre: Everyday Tactics Among Women Seeking Asylum in Norway," Nordic Journal of Migration Research, 10(2) (May 2020) [open access]

"When Will Asylum Law Protect Women?: The Abusive Relationship Between Agency Decision Making and Asylum Claims Involving Domestic Violence," Boston College Law Review, vol. 61, no. 5 (2020) [full-text]

Related posts:
Thematic Focus: Gender Issues - Pt. 1 (20 May 2020)
Thematic Focus: Gender Issues - Pt. 2 (20 May 2020)

23 June 2020

New Issue of FMR

The June 2020 issue of Forced Migration Review (FMR) has been published. Two themes are featured in FMR64: "Climate crisis and local communities / Trafficking and smuggling." Also included is a mini feature on "COVID-19: early reflections."  Here is the description:

"Climate crisis and local communities: Local communities around the world have been coping with the effects of a changing climate for decades. This feature focuses on the impact on local communities, their coping strategies, lessons arising, and broader questions of access, rights and justice. (A future issue will focus on international response and policy.) [Includes 11 articles. See also FMR49.]

Trafficking and smuggling: Since we published an issue on human trafficking in 2006, increased reporting of both trafficking and smuggling has triggered renewed attention around the growing impact of, and the links between, these related but distinct phenomena. This feature explores some of the current challenges, misconceptions, insights and innovations in these fields. [Includes 12 articles. See also thematic listing.]

COVID-19 – early reflections: Four articles offer preliminary reflections on the pandemic, focusing on the role of refugee-led organisations and the need for data to inform responses."

The Editors' Briefing provides a more detailed overview of the themed articles. In addition, readers can access FMR articles 1) individually, in HTML & PDF formats, 2) via standalone PDFs for each of the three themes, or 3) as one complete issue.

Back issues of FMR are available here.

FMR is an open access publication. It is available online and in print in English, Arabic, French and Spanish. Audio versions of articles are available in English.

Tagged Periodicals.

20 June 2020

News: World Refugee Day

World Refugee Day is commemorated each year on June 20th to "celebrate the strength and courage of people who have been forced to flee their home country to escape conflict or persecution. World Refugee Day is an occasion to build empathy and understanding for their plight and to recognize their resilience in rebuilding their lives." Here is the High Commissioner's statement.

You can find events and activities here to participate in and/or follow the live blog and Twitter hashtag to learn about what's happening around the world. For messages of support, search on "World Refugee Day" in ReliefWeb.

This is also a day when many organizations release new research and resources and announce new initiatives and projects; here is a small sampling (I will be adding to the list throughout the day):

Commemorating World Refugee Day (Berghahn Books) [text]

DCU announces 30 scholarships to mark World Refugee Day (Dublin City University) [text]

The Displacement Continuum: The relationship between internal displacement and cross-border movement in seven countries (Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre) [text]

Filling the Forced Displacement Evidence Gap: Taking Stock on World Refugee Day (Innovations for Poverty Action) [text]

IRRI Press Statement on World Refugee Day 2020: Self-reliance as a contemporary ‘durable solution’ to forced displacement (International Refugee Rights Initiative) [text]

Leaving no one behind: socio-economic inclusion and self-reliance of refugees and host communities, key to Kenya’s development (ILO) [text]

LERRN Announces Plans for Refugee Advisory Network (Carleton Univ.) [text]

Migration Governance and Policy in the Global South (UNU) [access]
- Open access articles published in special section of International Migration.

World Refugee Day: Access to information as important as food and shelter (DW) [text]

World Refugee Day: New research demonstrates dramatic impact of COVID-19 on vulnerable refugees (IFRC) [text]
- Focuses on refugees in Turkey.

World Refugee Day 2020 (Univ. of London) [text]

World Refugee Day 2020: How attitudes toward refugees have changed since the COVID-19 outbreak (IPSOS) [text]

Related posts:
News: 2019 Global Trends Report Published (18 June 2020)
Events & Opportunities: Lead Up to World Refugee Day (14 June 2020)

19 June 2020

New Issues of AHMR, Am. Behav. Scientist, Asian J. Comp. Pol., Asian J. Peacebuilding, Intl. J. Group Psychotherapy, Migr Mob. & Displ., Ref. Rev., Routed

African Human Mobility Review, vol. 6, no. 1 (Jan.-April 2020) [open access]
- Published by the Scalabrini Institute for Human Mobility in Africa (SIHMA) and the University of the Western Cape. Includes mix of 6 articles on various aspects of migration and belonging, including a case study on African refugees and immigrants in a tourist city (Cape Town).

American Behavioral Scientist, vol. 64, no. 4 (2020) [contents]
- Special issue on "Deaths at the borders: Revisiting the debate in light of the Euro-Mediterranean crisis." The introduction is available here.

Asian Journal of Comparative Politics, vol. 5, no. 2 (2020) [contents]
- Special issue on "The Rohingya Crisis." The editorial is freely available.

Asian Journal of Peacebuilding, vol. 8, no. 1 (May 2020) [full-text]
- Published by Seoul National University. Special issue on "Interfaces: Close and Distant Encounters with Refugees." Note: If the table of contents does not automatically display, click on the "current issue" tab.

International Journal of Group Psychotherapy, vol. 70, no. 2 (2020) [free full-text]
- Special issue on "Migration Problems in the US and Their Implications for Group Work."

Migration, Mobility and Displacement, vol. 5, no. 1 (2020) [open access]
- Published by the Centre for Asia-Pacific Initiatives, University of Victoria. Special issue on refugees, with 5 articles.

Refugee Review, vol. IV (June 2020) [open access]
- Published by ESPMI. Special focus on "Emerging Issues in Forced Migration: Perspectives from Research and Practice, with 8 academic articles, 3 practitioner/field reports and 3 opinion pieces.

Routed: Migration & (Im)mobility Magazine, no. 9 (April 2020) [open access]
- Theme issue on "Vehicles of mobility: Transportation & migration infrastructures."

Tagged Periodicals.

18 June 2020

News: 2019 Global Trends Report Published

In advance of World Refugee Day, UNHCR released its annual Global Trends report today. Here are its main findings:

- At the end of 2019, a total of 79.5 million people around the world had been forcibly displaced, up from 70.8 million the year before
- Of this total figure, 20.4 million are refugees under UNHCR’s mandate, while 5.6 million Palestinians are refugees under UNRWA’s mandate
- 45.7 million are internally displaced people
- 4.2 million are asylum-seekers
- 3.6 million are Venezuelans who may "not [be] legally registered as refugees or asylum-seekers, but for whom protection-sensitive arrangements are required"

More details are provided in this press release and news story. See also related Guardian article and HC comments to Security Council.

Previous editions of Global Trends reports can be accessed here.

Related post:
Events & Opportunities: Lead Up to World Refugee Day (14 June 2020)

17 June 2020

Thematic Focus: General - Pt. 2

Reports & journal articles:

"Beyond Borders," The Passerelle Collection, no. 19 (2019) [full-text]

Food Identities at Home and on the Move: Explorations at the Intersection of Food, Belonging and Dwelling (Routledge, June 2020) [info]
- The Foreword and Introduction are available here.

"How Combining Terrorism, Muslim, and Refugee Topics Drives Emotional Tone in Online News: A Six-Country Cross-Cultural Sentiment Analysis," International Journal of Communication, vol. 14 (2020) [open access]

"Leaving them behind": Global Trends in Forced Migration, Policy Brief, no. 1 (Bonn International Center for Conversion, April 2020) [access]
- Available in English and German.

Un Nouveau Monde de Barrières: Comment les Obstacles à l’Accès aux Services de Base Font de la Migration une Crise Humanitaire (IFRC, June 2020) [text via ReliefWeb]

"Organized Violence, 1989–2019," Journal of Peace Research, OnlineFirst, 16 June 2020 [open access]

"Public Opinion in the United States and Hungary: How Trump and Orbán have Manufactured the Debate over Refugees," International ResearchScape Journal, vol. 7 (2020) [open access]

"Refugees and National Identity in Letters to the Editor," International Journal of Communication, vol. 14 (2020) [open access]

Religion and Social Justice for Refugees: Insights from Cameroon, Greece, Jordan, Lebanon, Malaysia and Mexico (Refugee Hosts Project, April 2020) [text]

The World’s Most Neglected Displacement Crises (Norwegian Refugee Council, June 2020) [text via ReliefWeb]

Related post:
Thematic Focus: General - Pt. 1 (17 June 2020)