23 September 2017

Regional Focus: United States

Back to the 1970s? Criminalization and Context in US-Mexico Migration Statistics (Global Initiative, Aug. 2017) [text]

Deportations in the Dark: Lack of Process and Information in the Removal of Mexican Migrants (American Immigration Council, Sept. 2017) [text]

Hurricanes Drive Immigration to the US (The Conversation, Sept. 2017) [text]

"Immigrant Taken by ICE from Austin Courthouse was Killed in Mexico," Austin American-Statesman, 19 Sept. 2017 [text]

New Rule Spells Potential Trouble for Asylees (The Asylumist Blog, Sept. 2017) [text]

"A Particularly Serious Exception to the Categorical Approach," Boston University Law Review, vol. 97, no. 4 (July 2017) [full-text]
- Note: An earlier version of this article was referenced in a previous post

"The Path of Most Resistance: Resisting Gang Recruitment as a Political Opinion in Central America’s Join-or-Die Gang Culture," Pepperdine Law Review, vol. 44, no. 5 (2017) [full-text]

RAISE Act: Global Panel of Scholars Explains ‘Merit-based’ Immigration (The Conversation, Sept. 2017) [text]

"Trump’s Travel Ban to Be Replaced by Restrictions Tailored to Certain Countries," New York Times, 22 Sept. 2017 [text]

"U.S. Ends Temporary Protected Status for Sudanese but Extends It for South Sudanese," Reuters, 18 Sept. 2017 [text]

Related post:
- Regional Focus: United States (14 Sept. 2017)

Tagged Publications.

22 September 2017

Thematic Focus: Sexual Orientation & Gender Identity

"Assessing the Refugee Claims of LGBTI People: Is the DSSH Model Useful for Determining Claims by Women for Asylum Based on Sexual Orientation?," International Journal of Refugee Law, Advance Articles, 25 July 2017 [abstract]

"Canada Raises the Bar? An Assessment of Guideline 9 on Cases Involving Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity and Expression," Forced Migration Review, no. 56 (Forthcoming, Oct. 2017) [preprint]

"The Consideration of Male Victims of Sexual Violence as a Subset of the Particular Social Group 'Homosexual' in Adjudicating Asylum Claims," Pace International Law Review (Forthcoming, 2018) [preprint]

Gay and Displaced on the Frontlines of Ukraine’s Conflict (UNHCR, Sept. 2017) [text]

"Gender, Sexuality, Asylum and European Human Rights," Law and Critique (Forthcoming) [preprint]

So Much for Dutch Tolerance: Life as an LGBT Asylum Seeker in the Netherlands (The Conversation, July 2017) [text]

"'So, What Should I Ask Him to Prove That He's Gay?': How Sincerity, and Not Stereotype, Should Dictate the Outcome of an LGB Asylum Claim in the United States," Iowa Law Review, vol. 102, no. 5 (July 2017) [full-text]

When Merely Existing is a Risk: Sexual and Gender Minorities in Conflict, Displacement and Peacebuilding (International Alert, Feb. 2017) [text via ReliefWeb]

Related post:
- Sexual Orientation & Gender Identity (21 June 2017)

Tagged Publications.

21 September 2017

Regional Focus: Europe

"Asylum Policy: The EU’s ‘Crises’ and the Looming Policy Regime Failure," Journal of European Integration, vol. 38 (2016) [open access]

Establishing a Common European Asylum System: Tracing the Impact of EU Policy Making on Asylum Outcomes, Thesis (Univ. of Oslo, Spring 2017) [text]
- Note: This was also published as ARENA Report, no. 3/17 in Aug. 2017.

Evaluation of UNHCR's Ukraine Country Programme, ES/2017/03 (UNHCR, Sept. 2017) [text via ReliefWeb]

"Germany’s ‘Legal Entry’ Framework for Syrian Refugees: A Tool for Containment?," Oxford Monitor of Forced Migration, vol. 7, no. 1 (Aug. 2017) [full-text]

Handbook for the Fundamental Rights and Freedoms of Internally Displaced Persons (Norwegian Refugee Council, May 2017) [text via Refworld]
- Focus is on Ukraine.

The Italian Job: Playing the Complicity Game in Libya (Academia.edu, Sept. 2017) [text]

"Natural Population Decline and Syrian Refugees: An Analysis of Political Theories and Resettlement by Nation," Perspectives on Global Development and Technology, vol. 16, no. 1-3 (2017) [full-text via ResearchGate]

"Negotiating the Right to Remain after Brexit," Journal of Immigration, Asylum and Nationality Law, vol. 31, no. 3 (2017) [full-text via SSRN]

Restricting Access to Asylum and Contempt of Courts: Illiberals at Work in Hungary (EU Immigration & Asylum Law & Policy Blog, Sept. 2017) [text]

Still in Limbo: About a Million Asylum Seekers Await Word on Whether They Can Call Europe Home (Pew Research, Sept. 2017) [text]
- See also related Guardian article.

When Their Need is Bigger Than Our Will: Making a Case for Secondary Movements (Border Criminologies Blog, Sept. 2017) [text]

Without Good Interpreters, Refugees are Lost in an Information Void (Refugees Deeply, Sept. 2017) [text]

Related post:
- Regional Focus: Europe (17 Sept. 2017)

Tagged Publications.

Thematic Focus: Solutions


 "Trump Revives Rhetoric on Keeping Refugees in Host Countries," VOA News, 19 Sept. 2017 [text]
- The article quotes from Trump's UN speech: "'For the cost of resettling one refugee in the United States, we can assist more than 10 in their home region,' he said, adding that the U.S. gives financial assistance to refugee host countries: 'out of the goodness of our hearts, we offer financial assistance to hosting countries in the region, and we support recent agreements of the G-20 nations that will seek to host refugees as close to their home countries as possible. This is the safe, responsible and humanitarian approach'." See also related PolitiFact article and Washington Post fact checker.


Australia–United States Resettlement Arrangement (Kaldor Centre, Sept. 2017) [text]
- Note: As this Guardian news story reports, at least 50 refugees from Manus Island and Nauru have just been approved for resettlement in the U.S.

Drastic Drop in US Admissions is Bad News for Muslim Refugees (Human Rights Watch, Sept. 2017) [text]

From ‘Tolerated’ Asylum Seeker to ‘Accepted’ Refugee: Reflections on Refugee Integration in Scotland (RLI Blog, Sept. 2017) [text]

Nigeria’s Conflict Victims Can’t All Go Home. They Must Be Resettled (African Arguments, Sept. 2017) [text]

"Private Sponsorship of Refugees Grows, along with Resettlement Needs," Reuters, 19 Sept. 2017 [text]

Refugee Resettlement in Small Cities (Univ. of Vermont, Aug.-Sept. 2017) [access]
- Follow link to project report and updates, located at the bottom of the page.

"The Remaking of Fractured Landscapes: Supporting Refugees in Transition (SpiRiT)," Information Research, vol. 22, no. 3 (Sept. 2017) [open access]

Scaling Canada’s Local Immigration Partnerships (LIPs) Model for Proactive Refugee Resettlement, Policy Points, no. XI (International Migration Research Centre, June 2017) [text]

Third Country Resettlement: International Law and Minimum Standards Relevant to the Resettlement of Refugees from Nauru and Papua New Guinea (Kaldor Centre, Dec. 2016) [text]

"Trump to Look at Even Stricter Cap on Refugees," PBS, 21 Sept. 2017 [text]
- See also related Reuters story.

"When Helpful Refugee Resettlement Programs End, These Mentors Step in," PBS, 8 Aug. 2017 [text]

Why Hide the Facts about Refugee Costs and Benefits? (Migration Policy Institute, Sept. 2017) [text]
- Commentary on White House opposition to a draft HHS study that finds refugees contribute greater economic benefits than costs to the United States.

Related post:
- Thematic Focus: Resettlement (14 Sept. 2017)

Tagged Publications.

20 September 2017

Thematic Focus: Work/Economic Aspects


"Trump Administration Rejects Study Showing Positive Impact of Refugees," New York Times, 18 Sept. 2017 [text]
*- "Trump administration officials, under pressure from the White House to provide a rationale for reducing the number of refugees allowed into the United States next year, rejected a study by the Department of Health and Human Services that found that refugees brought in $63 billion more in government revenues over the past decade than they cost." Here is the 3-page HHS report that was sent to the State Dept. instead. See also related comments from Human Rights First and the Migration Policy Institute and a Washington Post fact checker.


Refugees at Work from the Middle East to Latin America: How Refugee Work Rights Can Rebuild Lives and Contribute to Host Economies, New York, 20 September 2017 [info]
- Watch this event today via Asylum Access' Facebook page!


The Causal Effect of Place: Evidence from Japanese-American Internment (Harvard & UCLA, May 2016) [text]
- The study concludes in part the following: "Together, this new causal evidence on location effects has broad implications for urban economics, as well as potential policy implications for policymakers struggling to resettle and integrate large refugee or immigrant populations."  See also related Harvard Gazette story posted 4 Aug. 2017.

*How ‘Dreamers’ and Green Card Lottery Winners Strengthen the US Economy (The Conversation, Sept. 2017) [text]

How to Help Refugees Get into Work Fast (Refugees Deeply, Sept. 2017) [text]

Labor Market Integration of Refugees to the United States: Do Entrepreneurs in the Network Help? (U.S. State Dept., Aug. 2017) [text]

Markets in Crises: The Implications for Humanitarian Action (ODI, Aug. 2017) [text]

New Regulations for Syrian Refugee Access to Non-employer-specific Work Permits in Jordan’s Construction Sector - Factsheet (ILO, Aug. 2017) [text via ReliefWeb]

Not Working: Experiences of Refugees and Migrants with Jobactive (Refugee Council of Australia, Aug. 2017) [text]

Syrian Women Refugees in Jordan: Opportunity in the Gig Economy? (ODI, Sept. 2017) [text]
- See also related IRC press release and ODI comment.


Related post:
- Thematic Focus: Work/Economic Aspects (25 Aug. 2017)

Tagged Publications and Events & Opportunities.

19 September 2017

Thematic Focus: Education

An App to Crowdfund Higher Education for Refugees (Refugees Deeply, Aug. 2017) [text]

"Duquesne University Professor Researches Books for Refugees," The Duquesne Duke, 24 Aug. 2017 [text]

"Educating Syrian Refugees: Challenges Facing Host Countries," Georgetown Journal of International Affairs, Online Ed., 9 Sept. 2017 [full-text]

Education Uprooted: For Every Migrant, Refugee and Displaced Child, Education (Unicef, Sept. 2017) [text via ReliefWeb]

Ensuring High Quality Primary Education for Children from Mobile Populations: A Desk Study (Education Above All & Deutsche Gesellschaft f├╝r Internationale Zusammenarbeit, Sept. 2017) [text via ReliefWeb]

Following the Money: Lack of Transparency in Donor Funding for Syrian Refugee Education (Human Rights Watch, Sept. 2017) [text]

Greece: No School for Many Asylum-Seeking Kids (Human Rights Watch, Sept. 2017) [text]

"Inclusive Higher Education Must Cater for refugees," University World News, vol. 471 (Aug. 2017) [text]

Left Behind: Refugee Education in Crisis (UNHCR, Sept. 2017) [access]
- See also related World Economic Forum comment.

Losing Out on Learning (Save the Children, Sept. 2017) [text via ReliefWeb]
- See also companion web site.

"Predictors of Secondary School Completion among Refugee Youth 8 to 9 Years after Resettlement in Melbourne, Australia," Journal of International Migration and Integration, vol. 18, no. 3 (Aug. 2017) [postprint]

Preparing New Teachers to Work with Refugee Students: Proposal for a Bachelor of Humanitarian Education Program, Global Leadership and Cooperation for Refugees Series Paper, no. 1 (Centre for International Governance Innovation, Sept. 2016) [text]

Related post:
- Thematic Focus: Education (28 July 2017)

Tagged Publications.

Thematic Focus: General


The New York Declaration on Refugees is a year old. There will be a high-level meeting tomorrow in New York to mark the anniversary; watch it live on UN WebTV. For more info., read a briefing from UNHCR, an assessment from Oxfam and a report card from Jeff Crisp on Refugees Deeply.


Annual meeting: 68th Session of the Executive Committee of the High Commissioner’s Programme, Geneva, 2-6 October 2017 [info]
- Will include a special segment on the Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework (CRRF). Follow link for agenda and reports that will be considered.


Changing the Narrative on Migration: Q&A with Louise Arbour (Global Observatory, Sept. 2017) [text]

"Disaster Data: A Balanced Perspective," CRED Crunch, no. 48 (Sept. 2017) [text via ReliefWeb]

"Ethical Considerations: Research with People in Situations of Forced Migration," Refuge: Canada's Journal on Refugees, vol. 33, no. 2 (2017) [open access]

How Does the Media on Both Sides of the Mediterranean Report on Migration? (Ethical Journalism Network & ICMPD, Aug. 2017) [access]
- Follow link for executive summary, full study, literature review and ICMPD observations.

Internal Displacement Mid-year Figures (January-June 2017) (IDMC, Aug. 2017) [access]

IOM Operations on Internal Displacement (IOM, March 2017) [text via ReliefWeb]

Migration and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (ODI, Sept. 2017) [access]
- Follow link for briefing series and overview. For all publications associated with this project, visit this page.

On Migrants and Refugees, Global Mayors Show the World What Works (Open Society Foundations, Sept. 2017) [text]

This Chart Shows the Actual vs. Perceived Number of Immigrants (World Economic Forum, Aug. 2017) [text]

When Norms are Not Enough: Understanding the Principle and Practice of Burden and Responsibility Sharing for Refugees, Global Leadership and Cooperation for Refugees Series Paper, no. 2 (Centre for International Governance Innovation, Dec. 2016) [text]

Related posts:
- Thematic Focus: General (13 Sept. 2017)
- Thematic Focus: NY Declaration, Global Compacts & CRRF (13 Sept. 2017)

Tagged Publications and Events & Opportunities.

Thematic Focus: Law/Policy Items


Presentation: Making International Refugee Law Relevant Again: How to Move Beyond Crisis Thinking, Nashville, Tennessee, 2 October 2017 [info]

Side event at EXCOM: 1967 Protocol at Fifty: Protection & Solutions in a New Era?, Geneva, 6 October 2017 
- No additional info. on this event is currently available.

Course: International Refugee Law Course, Sanremo, 12-16 December 2017 [info]
- Register by 3 November 2017.


"Displaced: A Proposal for an International Agreement to Protect Refugees, Migrants, and States," Berkeley Journal of International Law, vol. 35, no. 1 (2017) [full-text]
- Note: The preprint of this article was referenced earlier under the title "Displaced: A Proposal for International Law to Protect Refugees, Migrants, and States."

"The European Union Charter of Fundamental Rights vs. The Council of Europe Convention on Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms: A Comparison," Fordham International Law Journal, vol. 40, no. 4 (2017) [full-text]

"An Examination of the Comprehensive Plan of Action as a Response to Mass Influx of 'Boat People': Lessons Learnt for a Comprehensive Approach to Migration by Sea," Chapter in Boat Refugees' and Migrants at Sea: A Comprehensive Approach (Brill, 2016) [full-text via Academia.edu]

"The Future Legal Management of Mass Migration," The International Lawyer (Forthcoming) [preprint via SSRN]

"Global Migration and International Law," Insights on Law & Society, vol. 17, no. 3 (Spring 2017) [full-text]

The Michigan Guidelines on Refugee Freedom of Movement, or How Explosive Existing Law Can Be (V├Âlkerrechtsblog, May 2017) [text]

"Protection Gaps and Temporary Protection," Max Planck Yearbook of United Nations Law, vol. 20 (2016) [full-text via Academia.edu]

"Refugee Protection and the Art of the Deal," Journal of Human Rights Practice, Advance Articles, 11 Sept. 2017 [free full-text]
- Note: This article is part of a collection that will eventually be published in a special issue that discusses "The End of Refugee Protection?"


What is "Persecution" in Refugee/Asylum Law? (LegalEDWeb, Sept. 2017) [access]
- "Learn about the elements of the international refugee definition and how it is interpreted by US courts." The aim of LegalED is to showcase innovative teaching.

Related posts:
- News: New Paper on Art. 31 of Refugee Convention (4 Sept. 2017)
- Thematic Focus: Law/Policy Items (29 Aug. 2017)

Tagged Publications and Events & Opportunities.

18 September 2017

Regional Focus: Asia Pacific, esp. the Rohingya

Rohingya Crisis:


Ending the Rohingya Crisis: What Will It Take?, London, 26 September 2017 [info]
- Will also be livestreamed.


The Denied Oppression of Myanmar’s Rohingya People (IRIN, Sept. 2017) [access]
- Scroll down for in-depth coverage.

How Social Media Spurred Violence against Rohingya in Myanmar (Refugees Deeply, Sept. 2017) [text]

Myanmar and Bangladesh: Rohingya Displacement and Protection Crisis (ACAPS, Sept. 2017) [text via ReliefWeb]

Rohingya Crisis: This is What Genocide Looks Like (The Conversation, Sept. 2017) [text]

"Trapped in Statelessness: Rohingya Refugees in Bangladesh," International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, vol. 14, no. 8 (Aug. 2017) [open access]

"UN Human Rights Chief Points to ‘Textbook Example of Ethnic Cleansing’ in Myanmar," UN News Centre, 11 Sept. 2017 [text]

UN Migration Agency Calls for Coordinated Response as Nearly 400,000 Stream into Bangladesh’s Cox’s Bazar (IOM, Sept. 2017) [text]
- See also related infographic above.

Update on the Mass Displacement of People from Rakhine State, Briefing Paper for the ASEAN Intergovernmental Commission on Human Rights (AICHR) (Forum-Asia & APRRN, Sept. 2017) [text via ReliefWeb]

Who are the Rohingya and Why are They Fleeing Myanmar? (Amnesty International, Sept. 2017) [text]

Other Publications:

Australia Must Intervene to Stop Cambodia Breaching Refugee Convention (APRRN, Sept. 2017) [text]
- For background on the Montagnards, read this related In Focus from the Kaldor Centre.

Examining Human Rights in the Context of ASEAN Regional Migration: Summary Report of Findings from APHR Fact-finding Mission to Malaysia, 3-7 August 2017 (ASEAN Parliamentarians for Human Rights, Sept. 2017) [text via ReliefWeb]

Fourth Meeting of the Asia Dialogue on Forced Migration, Jakarta, 5-7 March 2017 [info]
- Central theme of this meeting was trafficking in persons, but the Global Compacts and the Bali Process were also discussed. Follow link for agenda, briefing papers and a summary of the meeting.

"How to Escape North Korea," Washington Post, 9 Sept. 2017 [text]

*North Korean Refugees Trapped by China’s Expanding Dragnet (Refugees Deeply, Sept. 2017) [text]

"Refugees or Border Residents from Myanmar? The Status of Displaced Ethnic Kachins and Kokangs in Yunnan Province, China," International Journal of Refugee Law, Advance Articles, 13 Sept. 2017  [open access]
- Note: This is the first article to be published open access in the IJRL!

Regional Cooperation on Refugee Protection: The Unanswered Questions (Middle East Institute, Sept. 2017) [text

"To be a Global Leader, China Needs a New Refugee Policy," The Diplomat, 22 July 2017 [text]

To Solve Regional Problems, ASEAN Should Include Communities (The Conversation, Sept. 2017) [text]


Related post:
- Regional Focus: Asia Pacific (7 Sept. 2017)

Tagged Publications and Events & Opportunities.

Thematic Focus: Human Trafficking & Smuggling


CFP: Anti-trafficking Review [info]
- Submissions sought for themed issue on "Irregular Migrants, Refugees or Trafficked Persons?"; deadline is 7 January 2018.


"Confronting the Rise of Trafficking of Syrian Refugees in Lebanon: Protection Challenges, Legal Barriers and Patterns of Vulnerability," Oxford Monitor of Forced Migration, vol. 7, no. 1 (Aug. 2017) [full-text]

Does ‘Human Trafficking’ Need a New Definition? (Global Initiative, July 2017) [text]

“Fake Refugees” or “Victims of Trafficking”? Vulnerable Migrants in Hong Kong and the Boundaries between Refugee and Human Trafficking Experiences, Paper contributed to the International Seminar on Mixed Migration, Bangkok, 21-22 June 2017 [text]

Flow Monitoring Surveys: The Human Trafficking and Other Exploitative Practices Prevalence Indication Survey - Analysis on Migrants and Refugees from Nigeria Travelling along the Central Mediterranean Route (IOM, Sept. 2017) [text via ReliefWeb]

Four Dangerous Assumptions about Human Trafficking (World Economic Forum, Aug. 2017) [text]

Migrants and Refugees as Victims of Human Trafficking: Can They Claim Asylum in EU according to the Geneva Convention of 1951 relating to the Status of Refugees? - The Implementation of C.E.A.S (Common European Asylum System) and the EU Legal Approach against Trafficking, Paper contributed to the International Seminar on Mixed Migration, Bangkok, 21-22 June 2017 [text]

"Ransom Kidnapping and Human Trafficking: The Case of the Sinai Torture Camps," Berkeley Journal of International Law, vol. 36 (Forthcoming, 2017) [preprint via SSRN]

Recognizing Victims of Trafficking in Human Beings as Refugees according to the 1951 UN Geneva Refugee Convention, Paper contributed to the International Seminar on Mixed Migration, Bangkok, 21-22 June 2017 [text]

Smuggling of Migrants, Trafficking in Persons and Contemporary Forms of Slavery, including Appropriate Identification, Protection and Assistance to Migrants and Trafficking Victims, Vienna, 4-5 Sept. 2017 [info]
- Follow link for background documents and information about side events. The report of the session should be available soon.

"Why More Migrants are Dying in the Sahara," New York Times, 22 Aug. 2017 [text]

Related post:
- Thematic Focus: Human Trafficking & Smuggling (25 July 2017)

Tagged Publications and Events & Opportunities.

17 September 2017

Regional Focus: Europe

Events & opportunities:

Panel discussion: The "Not Entirely Closed" Western Balkan Route: The Impact on Rights and the Rule of Law, Brussels, 27 September 2017 [info]

Conference: The European Convention on Human Rights and Migration, Strasbourg, France, 6 October 2017 [info]
- Register by 30 September 2017.

ELENA course: Legal Avenues for Strengthening International Protection in Europe, Athens, 17-18 November 2017 [info]
- Register by 6 October 2017.


Afghan Asylum Seekers in Italy: A Place of Temporary Respite (Afghanistan Analysts Network, Sept. 2017) [text via ReliefWeb]

The Dublin IV Recast: A Missed Opportunity (Refugee Research Blog, Sept. 2017) [text]

EU Migration Policy towards Libya: A Libyan Perspective on the Memorandum of Understanding between Italy and Libya (Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung - Libya Office in Tunisia, July 2017) [text]

"The European Union Immigration Agreement with Libya: Out of Sight, Out of Mind?," e-International Relations, 25 July 2017 [text]

The Geography of Anti-Immigrant Attitudes across Europe, 2002-2014, Working Paper, no. 138 (International Migration Institute, July 2017) [text]

How do Italy’s Orderly Humanitarian Corridors Work?, Presentation at "Out of Syria, Searching for Safety: Creative Approaches to Refugee Protection," Sydney, 9 Aug. 2017 [info]
- Follow link for podcast.

Humanitarian Access and Local Organisations in Ukraine (ODI, Sept. 2017) [text]

Pathways towards Legal Migration into the EU: Reappraising Concepts, Trajectories and Policies (Centre for European Policy Studies, 2017) [full-text]

Refugees and the German Elections (Policy Review, Sept. 2017) [text]

"Romania Witnesses Increase in Sea Arrivals through the Black Sea," ECRE Weekly Bulletin, 15 Sept. 2017 [text]

“Tolerated” but for How Long? (Mixed Migration Platform, Aug. 2017) [text via ReliefWeb]

Related post:
- Regional Focus: Europe (11 Sept. 2017)

Tagged Publications and Events & Opportunities.