The purpose of this Manual is to provide a short introduction to the various elements which are involved in establishing and maintaining a high quality asylum system in line with international and European Union (EU) law. Neither the 1951 Convention and 1967 Protocol Relating to the Status of Refugees...provide explicit directions on the kind of asylum system a State Party must set up. Equally, the EU acquis communautaire on asylum – comprising the Directives and Regulations relating to asylum and international protection, including notably the Qualification Directive (QD) and the Asylum Procedures Directive (APD) – do not provide specific direction on how asylum claim adjudication is to be carried out. This is left instead to the discretion of each sovereign country, within the terms of international and regional law – including, in the EU, the minimum standards set by the asylum Directives and Regulations. As a result, there are many different approaches adopted in the EU and throughout the world.
The manual incorporates a number of checklists and assessment forms to facilitate the decision-making process.